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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-20

Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis: A clinical guide for ophthalmologists


1 Consultant Ophthalmologist, Dr. MV Reddy Eye Hospital, Narasaraopeta, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Consultant Ophthalmologist, Savitri Netralayam, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Srujana Laghimsetty
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Dr. MV Reddy Eye Hospital, Narasaraopeta, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jocr.jocr_11_21

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This article aims to provide relevant clinical pearls to help in the diagnosis and treatment of Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM). The main risk factors apart from SARS-CoV 19 infection for ROCM are uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, and steroid usage. The major clinical findings in the case of orbital involvement are loss or decrease of vision, ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and panophthalmitis-like picture. Effective management of the disease lies in prompt diagnosis, adequate surgical debridement, and appropriate systemic antifungal therapy. With timely attention, we can save the vision, globe, and life of the patient.


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